UM E-Theses Collection (澳門大學電子學位論文庫)

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The use of ecological model to discuss sport activities in residential college and the implications to students' development : a case study from a residential college in University of Macau

English Abstract

Abstract Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the current situation of students' physical activity and to analyse the promotion of physical activity in a residential college in the University of Macau. This study also provided suggestions and a theoretical foundation for the future development of a health promoting programme in the residential college based on the ecological model of healthy behaviour development. Methods: To comprehensively view the status quo and the environment and policy of physical activity development in the residential college, students' physical activity status is collected by a sport activity record table and a fitness tracker. In addition, the environment of physical activity promotion in the university and the residential college is categorised and summarised according to the content analysis of relevant documents. Result: Students generally spend their physical activity hours at the residential college (RC) in three activities: the fitness club; residential college sports' team training and competitions; and the sports activities held by residential tutors (RT), residential assistants (RA) and house associations (HA). According to the content analysis of the relevant documents, both the university and the residential college have created an appropriate policy environment and behaviour setting for promoting physical activity among students. The characteristics of the physical activity environment at both the university and the residential college are ecologically friendly, as both the hardware and software required for physical activity are provided. However, the proportions of the PE curriculum model, the social media approaches and the cooperation between the university and the residential college in the physical activity promotion process could be enhanced. Manpower and financial resources should have a role in physical activity promotion if they are used to develop organisations and activities with greater participation. Gender differences and students' interests should receive more attention in the future. Keywords: Physical Activity Development, Residential College, Ecological Model

Chinese Abstract

中文摘要 本研究旨在以健康行為發展生態模型為基礎,探討澳門大學某住宿式書院學生體育活動現狀,為住宿式書院健康促進計劃未來的發展提供建議及理論支援。為了進瞭解住宿式書院學生發展的現狀,環境及政策,本研究使用體育活動記錄表,健身手環,自我概念及人際關係發展問卷對學生的發展現狀進行探索,並使用內容分析法對大學及住宿式書院身體活動推廣環境進行分類及總結。研究結果顯示,健身俱樂部,書院體育隊的訓練及比賽以及由住宿式書院樓層小導師,樓層助理及書院學生會舉辦的體育活動學生在書院中的身體活動為學生提供了主要的身體活動機會。根據相關的文獻內容分析,大學和書院均為學生提供了適當的身體活動促進政策及行為環境。活動類型多樣性,大學體育課程設置,書院及學校對於身體活動促進的宣傳等方面可以進一步優化。 關鍵詞:身體活動發展,住宿式書院,生態模型

Issue date



Hu, Jia Xi


Faculty of Education




Physical education and training -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Macau

College students -- Macau

Physical education for college students -- Macau



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